One of the main concerns about sugar consumption these days is the risk of diabetes, and the amount of hype around that risk can’t be understated. According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) in 2014, every 7 seconds someone died from diabetes. That added up to 4.9 million deaths last year due to diabetes.
Still don’t think that diabetes are a big deal?
In 2012, CBS released a study showing that 371 million people worldwide are affected by diabetes. That is about 19.2%, or 1/5, of the Earth’s population. And if that’s not enough, by 2030, researchers estimate that 552 million people will be affected by diabetes worldwide.
So, what is Diabetes?
The Center of Disease control (CDC) defines diabetes as a “condition in which the body does not properly process food for use as energy.” Basically, that means the human body can’t break down all the carbohydrates that are entering the body. When you have diabetes, depending on the type, your body either doesn’t produce enough insulin, or it can’t do anything with the insulin it creates.
What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?
Type 1 Diabetes: Type one diabetes is the lesser defined of the two types. About 5-10 percent of all diabetic cases are type one. Type one diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin, which, in turn, doesn’t allow glucose to enter the body.
Most of the cases for type one diabetes are in childen or teens/tweens, but adults can develope this disease as well. Although there is no cure to type one diabetes, it can be managed to allows diabetics to live healthier and longer than otherwise. Along with losing energy, symptoms of type one diabetes include, but are not limited to:
- Extreme hunger
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Fatigue and weakness
- Blurred vision
Those symptoms, among others, is what makes diabetes a very bad disease to have.
Type 2 Diabetes: If you or a friend/family have diabetes, chances are it is type two diabetes. That is because 90-95 percent of all diabetic cases are type two. Type two diabetes is a condition where the body resists allowing insulin into the immune system. Some risk factors of this disease include: age, obesity, family history of diabetes, prior history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, and physical inactivity. All of these factors can increase your risk of becoming diabetic.
Although doctors say there is no guarenteed way to prevent becoming diabetic, physical activity and eating healthy will severely decrease your risk of diabetes. Type two diabetes don’t just prevent insulin from entering the immune system, they may also cause symptoms such as:
- Increased thirst and hunger
- Weight loss
- Blurred vision
One difference between them is that type two diabetes symptoms develope much slower then type one diabetes. In fact, you may have type two diabetes for many years without knowing it.
Both types of diabetes are very inconvient, dangerous, and will certainly change your life forever. However, it can be managed. Diabetes is such a big deal, but such a terrible thing to have.
-Ried D. and Daniel C.